Have you ever wondered what those dark patches are on your skin that isn’t moles or freckles, but isn’t spots or scars either? You might have skin pigmentation, a common skin complaint that results in increased pigment production in a specific place. Just because we are barely spending any time outside doesn’t mean you can’t catch the sun through your window and on your balcony/in your garden (if you’re lucky enough to have one!). Also known as dark spots, age spots or sunspots, we’ve called upon the skincare experts to explain precisely what it is, how to treat it, how to prevent it and what products to use?
What are the reason?
“Pigmentation can be caused by hormones, UV damage, or previous inflammation such as acne.” Users of sunbeds or sunbathers are more likely to develop pigmentation, with UV radiation being one of the leading causes. “Due to the amount of melanin (pigment) within the skin, some skin types are more prone to pigmentation than others, and treatment choices will change based on skin type and kind of pigmentation.
Will SPF be beneficial?
“If you have pigmentation caused by UV radiation and overexposure to the sun, you should be cautious to avoid further damage and pigmentation.” A broad-spectrum sun lotion with SPF 50 that protects against both UVA and UVB rays will help keep current pigmentation from worsening. However, if you feel that hormonal causes cause your pigmentation, you should also apply SPF. “Melasma pigmentation is common during pregnancy, so expectant mothers should apply a high SPF sunscreen to help limit melanin formation.”
Which skincare ingredients are the most effective?
“The best skincare ingredients to treat it are Retinol or Vitamin A, which promotes cell turnover and the production of healthy skin, and Vitamin C, which is a potent antioxidant that best prepares skin for any oxidative stress caused by environmental aggressors like UV rays,”
A vitamin-packed anti-ageing face mist that is a perfect quick-fix spritz to have on your desk or in your handbag. “It stimulates, refreshes, and rebalances the skin.” White Lilly helps to replenish damaged and irritated tissue, and Vitamin C and A fight free radicals and gently encourage cell renewal to diminish the appearance of pigment spots.
What about medical treatments?
“IPL strong pulse light is excellent for superficial and freckles because it rejuvenates the skin. For more severe pigmentation and melasma (grey-brown areas on the skin), more extensive laser treatments that can penetrate deeper into the dermis may be beneficial, ” stating that laser and IPL would be effective therapy options for hormonal pigmentation. In contrast, chemical peels are the best answer for it to be induced by UV damage, inflammation, and trauma (like acne). “In these circumstances, a mandelic acid peel might be a suitable method to lift the colour.” Mandelic acid, like glycolic acid, is an alpha hydroxy acid that acts to exfoliate the skin deeply and is a beautiful alternative for persons with darker skin tones who are experiencing pigmentation